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Vertigo

Vertigo is the sensation of feeling off balance, dizzy or as if the world is spinning. The cause of vertigo is most commonly attributed to problems affecting the  inner ear.

Symptoms of Chronic Sinusitis

Symptoms of vertigo come in many forms. The most common symptoms are:

  • Spinning
  • Tilting
  • Swaying
  • Unbalanced
  • Pulled to one direction
  • Feeling nauseated
  • Vomiting
  • Abnormal or jerking eye movements (nystagmus)
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • Ringing in the ears or hearing loss

How Is Vertigo Treated?

Canalith Repositioning: Canalith repositioning involves positioning your head in order to move calcium deposits out of the canal and back into the inner ear chambers allowing the body to absorb them.  Canalith repositioning is used in patients suffering from BPPV.

Medicine: In some cases medicine may be given in order to relieve symptoms of nausea and motion sickness due to vertigo.  If your symptoms are caused by inflammation or infection, a steroid or antibiotic may be given to reduce swelling.

Vestibular Rehabilitation: The vestibular system is responsible for sending signals to the brain about head and body movements relative to gravity. Vestibular rehabilitation is a form of physical therapy that helps strengthen the vestibular system.

Surgery: In extreme cases, surgery may be needed for vertigo. If vertigo is caused by a tumor or head and neck injury surgery may be the best option.

What Causes Vertigo?

Vertigo is caused by inner ear disorders.  Some of the most common inner ear disorders are:

BPPV: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) occurs when tinny calcium crystals form in the canals of the inner ear.  The inner ear is responsible for maintaining your balance via signals sent to the brain. The buildup of calcium crystals interfere with these signals causing vertigo.

Meniere’s disease: Meniere’s disease is a condition where fluid and pressure changes occur in the inner ear. The symptoms include vertigo, tinnitus and hearing loss.

Vestibular neuritis: Vestibular neuritis is usually related to a viral infection that causes inflammation in the inner ear.  The inflammation occurs around the nerves that help the body sense balance.

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